• Allied Documentation:

(A) Bi-SC 75-3 Exercise Directive / 23.12.2008;

(B) Bi-SC 80-90 NATO Tasks List (NTL) Version 3.0/2007;

(C) Bi-SC Guidelines for Operational Planning - GOP (Final Revision 1), June 2005;

(D) MC 389/2, MC Policy on NATO's Combined Joint Task Force

(CJTF) Capability, 4 May 2004;

(Е) MC 458/2, NATO Training Exercise and Evaluation Policy, 27.03.2006;

(F) Land Forces Tactical Doctrine (ATP-35 (B));(ATP 3.2)

(G) Force Standards Volumes I to VIII;

(H) The Bi-SC Military Tasks for Interoperability, 22 Jan 2003

(I) AJP-01 (C) - Allied Joint Operations Doctrine.

(J) AJP-09 (UNCL) - Allied Joint CIMIC Operations Doctrine.

(K) NATO Bi-SC Concept - Future Comprehensive Civil Military Interaction Concept (FCCMI).

(L) CMEP SEE - Civil - Military Emergency Planning South Eastern Europe Handbook.

(M) NATO Crisis Response System Manual.

(N) NATO Handbook Chapter 8 : Civil Emergency Planning

(O) Bi-SC 75-4 Experimentation Directive

(P) International Civil Emergency Planning Handbook - 2009

(Q) JWP 3-61 NBC defence in joint operations

(R)  AJP 3.8 Allied Joint Doctrine for NBC Defence

2. National Documentation  

(A)  Disaster Relief Act

(B)  Defence and BGR Armed Forces Act

(C)  Ministry of Interior Act

b. Serial number: 1111
c. Category: National exercise with multinational participants
d. Level: National level
e. Form: CPX with Experimentation Phase
f. Type: Distributed CAX with multinational participants
g. Dates: 15-19 Nov 2010
h. Area: National Military Training Complex CHARALITZA, Crisis Management Centres with various ministries and agencies
i. OSE: Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria, the Minister of the Interior
j. OCE: Minister of Defence
k. TA: PTA: National Crisis Management Staff STA: Crisis Management Centres with various ministries and agencies

Parties involved (organizations and nations): Red Cross, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, CFC/CMO (USA), Belarus, Canada, Great Britain, CIMIC CoE (the Netherlands), Multinational CIMIC Group (Italy), JCBRN COE (Czech Republic), USJFCOM (USA), NIAG, ACT, ACO.


a. PHOENIX 2010 is a distributed national Computer Assisted Exercise (CAX) with a multinational Experimentation Part. This exercise will be focused on Crisis Management. The following tasks will be performed during the exercise: counterterrorism, minimizing the effects of Environmental Protection related incidents, disasters and other emergency situations, laid down in the scenario.


b. The exercise will build up capabilities required for: operations of National Crisis Management Staff, applying the emergency procedures of national/regional authorities and NGOs.


c. During PHOENIX 2010 the coordination and synchronization between civil and military national authorities and NATO will be practiced.


d. CIMIC experiments will be conducted during the exercise.


a. AIM

(1) General

To define, analyze and validate SOPs for crisis response, stabilization and reconstruction in order to improve the interagency coordination.


(2) Experimentation Aim

To provide a synthetic training environment using M&S for conducting Crisis Response exercises.



  • To enhance the interaction and coordination between Crisis Management Units (civil and military);
  • To improve the exchange of information between and within the emergency staffs at national and multinational level;
  • To enhance the preparedness and interoperability of the Crisis Management structures, involved in the exercise.



(See Annex A)



The exercise will be conducted according to a scenario, depicting a crisis emerged as a result of the participation of BGR Armed Forces' contingent in NATO-led Peace Support Operation (PSO). The operation will be conducted on a fictitious territory (ALEND), out of NATO Area Of Responsibility, in order to reconstruct and stabilize the region. As a result of that, the Coalition Troops Contributing Nations (TCNs) from Southeastern and Central Europe are subject to series of terrorist attacks. At the same time, as a consequence of the emerged natural disaster in the Southeastern area, the critical infrastructure was damaged, there were many casualties and the governments of the affected states were put under strong public pressure in order to take emergency measures for stabilization and reconstruction. Strongly affected countries are forced to activate their national Crisis Management Systems and to ask for international assistance and mutual interaction.


The following items will be incorporated to the exercise scenario:

  • Activities related to the Military Contingent participation in NATO-led PSO;
  • Destabilization of a part of the state's territory as a result of natural disaster;
  • Actions of terrorist groups to increase the destabilization;
  • Measures undertaken by national authorities to control the refugees' wave and conducting of humanitarian operations.


Main events during the exercise are as follows:

  • Earthquake disaster and consequence of it;
  • Refugees' wave and epidemiological environment.
  • Terrorist attack during social or sport event using dirty-bomb;
  • Terrorist attack against critical infrastructure;



7.1. Parties involved:

-          Ministries, agencies and organizations from the Republic of Bulgaria;

-          CIMIC CoE, the Netherlands, Multinational CIMIC Group (Italy), JCBRN Defence COE (Czech Republic), ACT, NATO ACO J9 (CIMIC), NATO HQ CEP, NIAG (NATO International Advisory Group), JWC - Norway, USJFCOM, Red Cross, EARDCC, EUMIC, SCEPC, UNOCHA.


After the endorsement of EXSPEC, the exercise is open for participation of other nations, GOs and NGOs.


7.2. Envisaged kind and size of the participating management structures (Annex B and C)

The EXCON will be composed mainly by representatives of Bulgarian ministries and agencies, and will be augmented with representatives of other national and international organizations.

The following organizational structures will be established during the exercise:

-          EXCON Centre;

-          Experimentation Integration Centre;

-          Evaluation and Analysis Centre;

-          National Crisis Management Staff;

-          Crisis Management Centers/structures with the participating ministries and agencies;

-          Computer generated (simulated) Task Forces of the ministries and agencies involved in the operation.


7.3. Pre-exercise quality Threshold Evaluation (PETE)

The involved participants are responsible for the individual and collective training, as well as for the Crisis Response Planning. The issues concerning preparation and relevant deliverables will be coordinated during the workshops and planning conferences.


7.4. Extent of Simulation

The Task Forces' operations will be simulated mainly by the existing simulation centers.

For the purposes of this exercise, there will be created a synthetic environment, using modeling and simulation, which will support the activities performed by the Training Audience in following areas:

-          Analyzing the specific situation (crisis);

-          Development and refinement of the Crisis Management and Response/Action Plans;

-          Emergency Command and Control;

-          Establishing Interoperability Standards among the ministries, agencies, GOs and NGOs at national and international level;


The simulated synthetic environment will be implemented in the following areas in order to achieve the aim and objectives during the exercise:

-          CIMIC - in order to enhance and improve the sharing of information between various civil and military organizational structures, responsible for Crisis Response and involved in the Stabilization and Reconstruction processes.

-          Testing the Crisis Management Structures' capabilities in preparation for and execution of Evacuation Procedures, concerning attacks with nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological weapons or hazards, as well as analyzing the future possibilities and capabilities for establishment a multinational federation which will use Modeling & Simulation Tools in order to simulate attacks with CBRN weapons and hazards in support of planning, analysis, experimentation and training during multinational Crisis Response/Crisis Management exercises;

-          Contingency Planning;

-          Exploring the possibilities (capabilities) for development of common regional concept of operation in case of stabilization and reconstruction.

-          Implementing C2 systems in CIMIC activities in case of crises at national and international level, and evaluating the applicability and efficiency of M&S in support of CIMIC operations.



NATO and EU organizational structures, as well as GOs and NGOs will provide support during the preparation and execution of the exercise. This support encompasses:

-          Providing, testing, adapting and follow-up exploitation of appropriate synthetic training environment for Modeling and Simulation of exercises, concepts and Crisis Response capabilities;

-          CIMIC Experimentation;

-          Crisis Response Planning Models' Experimentation;

-          Models and tools for simulation and experimentation of attacks with nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological weapons or hazards;

-          Providing CIS required for distributed participation of the parties involved (nations and organizational structures);

-          Achieving interoperability between NATO and PfP nations.


During the exercise, the following simulation systems and models will be used as simulation tools:

- JCATS V 9.0, C2PC, JEMM, JEST and others (provided by the Bulgarian side);

- HPAC, NBC Analysis (BRACIS), CBRN Virtual Battlespace, JEM, JWARN, Environment Assessment Tools (provided by the foreign participants);

- JPECT, NATO Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) Tools, CFC/CMO (provided by ACT);



The exercise PHOENIX 2010 will be conducted from 15 to 19 November 2010.

The exercise preparation will be executed according to the following timetable:


A. EXSPEC Development:

  • Exercise Specification Conference: 07-10 December 2009


B. Exercise Planning and Product Development: February - November 2010

  • Initial Planning Conference: 22-25 February 2010
  • Main Planning Conference: 31 May - 03 June 2010
  • Final Coordination Conference: 27-30 September 2010


C. Exercise Operational Conduct Stage

C.1. Phase I - Individual and Collective Training:

  • Sub-phase 1: Internal Training (specialized and functional training): till 09 November 2010 - this sub-phase is to be conducted by all the parties involved;
  • Sub-phase 2: Deployment and test of technical aids: 9-12 November 2010 - this sub-phase is to be conducted by EXCON;
  • Sub-phase 3: Academic Seminar: 15 November 2010 - this sub-phase is to be conducted by EXCON;
  • Sub-phase 4: Key Leader Training: 15 November 2010 - this sub-phase is to be conducted by EXCON;
  • Sub-phase 5: Battle Staff  (i.e. National Crisis Management Staff) Training: 15 November 2010 - there is to be conducted a mini-exercise in order to train the EXCON members;

C.2. Phase II - Crisis Response Planning: till 30 November 2010

C.3. Phase III - Execution: 16-18 November 2010

C.4. Phase IV - Assessment and Analysis: 19 November 2010

Analysis & Reporting

-          AAR and Post-Exercise Analysis - 19 November 2010;

-          Final Exercise Report - to be prepared and issued by 20 February 2011


B. Workshops (if required)


The Public Information policy for the exercise will be active.

A Distinguished Visitors day will be scheduled for Phase III of this exercise and the event will be open for the press.

The exercise related materials will be published and uploaded in following web sites: https://wise.rto.nato.int/ and .....



The Bulgarian MoD will be responsible for the planning and conduct of the DV day. It will be arranged a press conference in order to inform the public about the Exercise Key Parameters for performance. The DV day Agenda and the Visitors/Observers Roll are to be prepared no later than the Final Coordination Conference target date.



a. Legal Arrangements.

PHOENIX 2010 is a national distributed CAX/CPX with multinational participants in the Experimentation Phase, involving NATO and Partner Nations, who are all signatories of the respective NATO and PfP Status of Forces Agreements (SOFAs). All matters related to the status of exercise participants and other participant requirements shall be dealt with according to NATO/PfP SOFAs.


b. Logistic Support

The transportation during the exercise will be arranged as follows:


1. Foreign Participants:

- The transportation from the sending nations to Sofia and vice versa is national responsibility.

- The transportation from Sofia to the National Military Training Complex (NMTC) CHARALITZA and vice versa will be provided by MoD.


2. Parties involved on behalf of Bulgarian side are to provide transport of their own.


For all involved parties, the expenses for accommodation and messing during the workshops, conferences and Exercise Conduct Stage are to be covered by the sending organizational structure.


c. Medical Support

For all participants, in NMTC, the medical support during the exercise will be provided by the Bulgarian Military Medical Academy.


d. Security.

The Ministry of Defence and Ministry of the Interior will provide security and protection for the officials and visitors/observers of the exercise.


e. Funding Requirements.

Each national and international organization is responsible to provide for funding of its own representatives.



SOPs required for the Exercise Planning & Conduct will be developed by MoD and Ministry of the Interior in accordance with Allied Regulatory Instruments, interacting with other ministries and agencies as far as they are concerned.

The Hot Wash-up and After Action Review at the end of exercise will be conducted at NMTC CHARALITZA.

The Final Exercise Report with specific recommendations for improvement of Crisis Management, Stabilization and Reconstruction System is to be prepared during the Interagency Working Group Meeting, scheduled for 10 February 2010. The same will be submitted to OSE and OCE for approval.



a.      The working language during the Exercise Conduct Stage is Bulgarian, except of the Experimentation Phase when the participants are to speak in English.

b.      MoD is responsible for the Exercise Milestone Planning and Organization.



Annex A: Exercise PHOENIX 2010 Geo-Strategic Situation

Annex B: Exercise PHOENIX 2010 Overall Layout

Annex C: Exercise PHOENIX 2010 EXCON Layout

Annex D: Training objectives



The approved EXSPEC draft and the ESC Minutes will be forwarded to all the participants by 11 December 2009 via e-mail. EXSPEC Silence Procedure expires on 15 December 2009. In case of controversy and incapacity for reaching consensus on relevant issue, there is to be called a new working meeting.


EXSPEC is to be submitted for approval and endorsement by OSE no later than 18 December 2009.



Do not use classified information during the Exercise Process!